Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Symptoms of Thyroid Problem

      Today I am going to write about thyroid problem. Though thyroid problem is not always life threatening, it indirectly hampers our daily life making it uncomfortable. Most of the time we cannot identify the true reason behind it, until we go for diagnosis at extreme case. I have tried to cover all symptoms of thyroid problem here so that you can get a complete idea about this matter.
The thyroid is a small gland located in the throat. The thyroid gland is responsible for making substances called thyroid hormones that are important for all body cells to work properly.
The process of hormone synthesis begins in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus. Then it leads to the pituitary gland and finally to the thyroid gland. Using adequate amounts of dietary iodine thyroid gland produces two thyroid hormones, T4 and T3. The normal flow of these thyroid hormones are important in regulating body energy, the body's use of other hormones and vitamins, and the growth and maturation of body tissues. In short it maintains the overall metabolism system of human body. 
If any problem or disease occurs in Hypothalamus, pituitary or thyroid gland, it can affect the production of thyroid hormones and cause thyroid disease. When the production of thyroid hormones in the body decreases it is called Hypothyroidism and when increases it is called hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism  Symptoms

  • Fatigue, Weakness 
  • Breathlessness 
  • Memory loss 
  • Headaches and Migraines
  • Poor tolerances to cold temperatures 
  • Sudden weight gain and inability to lose weight 
  •  Acne on face and in hair
  • Excruciating pain during period
  • Painful bladder
  • Hard stools or irritable bowel syndrome
  • Muscle and joint pain,
  • Dry cracking skin or snake skin, Hair loss or no hair growth, broken/peeling fingernails
  • Depression
  • Slow child growth and slow sexual development
  • No sex drive
 Hyperthyroidism  Symptoms
  • Excessive sweating
  • Hand tremors
  • Feeling excessively hot in normal or cold temperatures
  • Lack of concentration  and Nervousness
  • Irritable mood
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Sudden Weight loss and the inability to gain weight
  • Insomnia 
  • Menstrual period becomes scant, or ceases altogether 
  • Eyes seem to be enlarging 
  • Muscle weakness, especially in the shoulders and thighs 
  • Irregular periods 
  • Worsening of shortness of breath in persons with heart failure
However, not all people will face the same symptoms. Some patients have some symptoms; other patients may have others. These symptoms will not harm you much but long term untreated thyroid problem can cause death.

Long term untreated Hypothyroidism can cause Myxedema coma. In Myxedema coma stage the amount of thyroid hormone in the body decreases suddenly. So the brain doesn't works properly. People with hypothyroidism who are in or near a coma should be taken to an emergency department immediately otherwise it can cost the life of the patient.
Like Hypothyroidism the untreated Hyperthyroidism also have life risk. It can cause 'Thyroid Storm', am emergency situation, happens in old age and not so common. "Thyroid Strom" means sudden production of excessive thyroid hormones  in the body that can cause severe fever, headache , abdominal pain, hypertension, and even heart failure.
It is very easy to define whether you are suffering of thyroid problem or not with some simple blood test.Though there is no way to prevent thyroid problem earlier by taking precautions, thyroid disease is curable through long-term medical treatment.  

So, no matter whether you are suffering of  Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism or any of above symptoms matches with you don't ignore it, just contract with your nearby Endocrinologist as early as possible and get back a comfortable life again.

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