Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Mysterious Lines of Nazca

          Do you have any idea about geoglyphs? A geoglyph is a drawing on the ground, or a large motif or design produced on the ground either by arranging clasts or stones or by removing patinated clasts to expose unpatinated ground.

Such geoglyphs have been discovered in Amazonian jungle of Brazil, Peru, South Australia Western Australia and parts of the Great Basin Desert in SW United States, Hill figures, turf mazes and the stone-lined labyrinths of Scandinavia, Iceland, Lappland and the former Soviet Union.

Among all these geoglyphs Nazca Lines of Peru is one of the biggest mysterious groups of geoglyphs in the world. About 300 hundred figures made of straight lines, geometric shapes and pictures of animals and birds covering 518 sq km etched in the surface of the desert Pampa - and their patterns are only clearly visible from the air.

While most other geoglyphs or land lines are made of hundreds of perfectly straight lines, Nazca’s 15,000 geometric and animal-like patterns have been criss-crossing the pampas like a vast puzzle. Most famous of these patterns include is probably the monkey, with its curled tail. Other designs include a spider, condor, hummingbird, whale and dog.

Nazca was a dusty small town in the middle of the desert south of Lima. The locals had long known of some of the ancient piles of stones outside of town on the pampa but they were not much interested about it. Everything changed in 1939 when Paul Kosok a American Scientist discovered some unusual lines on Pampa while flying over the region. Later on Maria Reiche, a German archaeologist and friend of Paul Kosok devote her entire life in Nazca line research.

Reiche and researchers concluded the lines were made by the Nazca Pre-Incan culture between 300 B.C. and 700 A.D. Since the Nazca pampa has an almost complete lack of windy weather or rain, the stone piles that make the lines have withstood the elements for thousands of years.

Who built them and what was their purpose? What's use of it  while they are only visible from the air

Is it a giant astronomical calendar? Are they served landing strips for aliens? Are they evidence of an advanced early civilization that history never recorded? To this day, the famous Nazca Lines in southern Peru pose more questions than answers.

There have been many different theories and scores of books and papers written about the Nazca pampa.

  • Paul Kosok described Nazca as “the biggest astronomy book in the world.”
  • Reiche concluded that the designs represented an astronomical calendar (the monkey was the ancient symbol for the Big Dipper, for example) and were messages sent to the gods.
  • Erich von Daniken’s 1968 book “Chariots of the Gods” suggested that Nazca was made as a landing strip for visitors from outer space.
  • Some lines point to mountain peaks and sunset points, suggesting an historical reference of some kind.
  • Others believe the straight lines were used in running competitions, to map underground irrigation canals or to link sacred sites in the desert.
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